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Posted by greenlivingaz

By Kelli Vu Desert Sea Project

 

Biosphere 2, located near Tucson, is a center for the development of scientific research, outreach opportunities and the cultivation of plants and insect species. Since July 2013, marine ecologist Rafe Sagarin has been the key member leading one of Biosphere 2’s most prominent studies that explores the relationship between the desert and the ocean. Despite the distance between the ocean and the desert, he hopes to build a living model that will illuminate how closely related the desert is to the ocean.

Sagarin’s project is titled “Desert Sea,” in which 676,000 gallons of salt water in Biosphere 2’s Ocean Gallery will be transformed to replicate the Gulf of California, also known as the Sea of Cortez. Sagarin says, “Many people think that the desert is very far away from the ocean, but we are very close to this ocean.” He points out that many people do not associate the desert with the ocean, but through the Desert Sea project they can see the connection.

Desert Sea Project

Getting this message out to the public is only phase one. The second step is making the schematics for the transformation. Here, Sagarin will bring together a team of experts with knowledge about the history of the gulf, aquarium science and animal care to help develop the plan. The next step is to raise the funding for the project. Current fundraising efforts are providing for experts and outreach teachers to run curriculums at Biosphere 2.

The Desert Sea project will be a great opportunity for both K-12 and university-level students to learn about the ocean outside of their classrooms. Primary students studying ecology will be able to learn about living organisms in the ocean. University students can test different marine biology technology to see how it affects different types of sea life.

Desert Sea Project

Once the Desert Sea is completed, scientific experiments can help researchers study a variety of ocean-related issues. With the Desert Sea acting as a control group, Sagarin and his team will be able to research overfishing issues by studying how the fish interact with different nets. Additionally, changing the ocean chemistry will help them better understand the carbon pollution that is currently affecting our oceans. The Desert Sea project also will provide an opportunity to study the effects of different bacteria colonizing in the ocean and examine waste products left behind by them.

While the project may be only an eye-pleaser for many Biosphere 2 visitors, those who look closer can experience new discoveries regarding the relationship between ocean and desert. The Desert Sea project will feature a rock shore, giving visitors who normally associate an ocean with a sandy shoreline a different perspective and allowing scientists to research a range of habitats beneath the rocks. With a cactus island built in the center of the ocean, Sagarin hopes to make the link between the desert and sea apparent for both visitors and scientists.Desert Sea Project


 

Photos courtesy of Biosphere 2

GardeningBy Steve Totten

The city of Tempe has decided to trade in its khakis and collared shirts for some overalls.

The city recently announced that Rio Salado Golf Course, a par-33 nine-hole public course that has been operated by Illinois-based sports-management group Kemper Sports for the last 19 years, will slowly transform into a community garden.

According to Tempe Public Information Officer Amanda Nelson, Kemper asked to end its contract with the city early. Neither the city nor Kemper commented any further as to why the course closed, but signs point to declining profits.

Arizona Republic reporter Bob Young pointed out that the National Golf Foundation reported that more golf courses have closed than opened for the eighth consecutive year.

Tempe PIO Amanda Nelson did point out that the city has two other municipal courses that are “very successful.” But she did acknowledge the challenges in the golf course industry.

“Golf is in a state of flux right now,” Nelson said.

Perhaps it was this realization that pushed the city to accept a proposal from Ken Singh of Singh Organic Soils, LLC to turn the 63-acre course into a community garden.

Singh is co-owner of Singh Farms in Scottsdale, which has 20 acres of crops, livestock and food for the public to come enjoy.

Singh said that he made the proposal for simple reasons.

“There’s not much to say,” Singh said over the phone as he was observing the former golf course. “We outgrew our farm, and we wanted to bring life back to the land.” Read more

Posted by greenlivingaz

By David M. Brown

Skylights Are Looking Up

Skylights are shining, sustainably.

A generation ago, those who wanted to add direct light from the sky into their homes had to also invite the attendant heat gain. In the desert, this was a bright prospect for our luminous winters, but not a very cool idea in summer, when direct sunlight on windows, especially those flat on the rooftop, has traditionally been a budget buster.

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Recipes

Ingredients

6 cups fine shredded unsweetened coconut
Zest of 1 lemon
Juice of 1/2 lemon
Pinch of salt
1/4 cup xylitol mixed with 1/4 cup water
1/8 tsp. turmeric
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Furoshiki ECOlunchwrap Kit Cool Outrageous Stuff

Stylish lunches start with a Furoshiki ECO lunchwrap kit. Eliminate lunch wrapper trash by packing favorite edibles in a stainless steel container, wrapped in double-sided washable cotton fabric decorated using wooden block and wax batik techniques. A spork made of sustainably grown bamboo is included. $35
ecolunchboxes.com

 

 

3 Monkeys Throw

Cool Outrageous StuffThis throw is classic, cozy and conscious. Made from 75 percent pre-consumer recycled cotton, the sock monkey has never been more sustainably stylish. $50
green3apparel.com

 

 

Sawtooth Eco Sunglasses

Cool Outrageous StuffIf the sunny Arizona sky has you squinting, check out these sustainable shades from Proof Eyewear. As one of the pairs featured in the Environmental Conscious Optics collection, these sunglasses are sustainably sourced as well as biodegradable, renewable, and hypoallergenic. $120
iwantproof.com

 

 

Aquafarm Cool Outrageous Stuff

More than just a visually interesting centerpiece, the Aquafarm proves that fish and food are friends. This double decker system creates a symbiotic ecosystem ideal for everyone. $60
backtotheroots.com

 

 

Alchemy Goods Ad Bag

Cool Outrageous StuffFrom billboard ad to your go-to bag, this tote is an upcycling treasure. Not only is the material constructed from old billboard advertisements, the tote also features handles made from seatbelt straps and bicycle inner tubes. $30
alchemygoods.com

 

 

Vegan Cork Backpack

Cool Outrageous StuffEco-conscious shopping doesn’t have to stop once school starts. This Corkor backpack is made from vegan materials and cork. $131
corkor.com

By Anton G. Camarota, PhD

The healthcare industry is a major contributor to the U.S. economy. According to the IMS Institute for Healthcare Informatics, 2013 spending on physician office visits, hospitalizations and prescriptions was 18 percent of the U.S. Gross Domestic Product. As of February 2014, the expenditures on U.S. healthcare were estimated to become $3.05 trillion annually. As can be expected with any industry of this size, significant negative environmental impacts have been a part of routine operations.Healthier Hospitals

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By Michael Moriarty

Portrait of a Lifelong Photographer

Art is a great form of expression. My art has done a lot of communicating for me over the years. Growing up, there were many artists surrounding me. My mother painted and did cross stitch. Drawing requests for posters and teachers’ bulletin boards were common for my aunt. My grandfather took photos at all the family events. One of my favorite pastimes when I visited my grandmother was looking through all her drawing books. The fantasy artists like Boris Vallejo and the Brothers Hildebrandt were my inspiration. I carried a sketch book with me everywhere.  Read more